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School uniform: yesterday and today. Part One: Britain

School uniform: yesterday and today. Part One: Britain

When we hear about school, we instantly remember our naughty class, our first teacher, funny games at the breaks, and of course, our school uniform. Some readers may never have worn such clothes and went to study what they were comfortable to wear. Others, on the contrary, have to dress, same as all other their classmates, in school uniform.

We suggest you make a series of small excursions into the history of different countries and see how they dressed there. What were the features and how much fashion has changed for the school uniform?

The concept of "school" and "student" is known for thousands of years. The history says that the first mentions of the norms and rules of the study appeared in Ancient Sumer 4 thousand years ago.

Of course, we do not dare to say that the children went to classes in special clothes, or there were no strict rules for the dress code. However, it is authentically known that they were severely punished for their untidy appearance.

Fast forward to Europe, in the XVI century. Or rather, to England. Already in those days, there were many charity schools. Indifferent people made donations to such educational institutions. Especially often shared long coats of blue. There were so many similar clothes that such boarding houses began to be called "bluecoat schools" (from English - “blue coat schools”). Perhaps it was one of the first samples of school uniform.

Over time, this became a mandatory rule: each student had to wear such a blue coat. In addition, yellow stockings with white stripes were also included in the uniform. The boys wore breeches, and the girls wore skirts. It is interesting that even now this style is still relevant. School of Christ's Hospital exists in our time, and the form almost from that time has not changed at all.

Actually, for Britain it is quite typical: in many educational institutions that have existed for centuries, the clothes of their students remain the same. Of course, materials are changing, tailoring technologies are improving, but the design will always tell you exactly where one or another child study.

Pupils of another prestigious school, Harrow, have straw hats in their wardrobe. Although in modern realities with the wearing of this headdress everything is not so strictly: in particularly windy weather they are allowed to leave it at home.

In most institutions, the classics, since the 1950s, have been this outfit:

  • jacket, or blazer - always with the logo or symbols of the school;
  • a shirt, the color of which may be different, depending on the overall color of the school uniform;
  • a tie — both boys and girls are required to wear it;
  • pants for boys and skirts for girls;
  • boys have prescribed patent leather shoes, girls can afford a small heel.

Interestingly, during important school holidays, these clothes are inferior to a more solemn wardrobe — dress coat, for example. And of course, traditional accessories are required: the straw hats, cufflinks and bow ties already mentioned by us, depending on the school.

By the way, in many educational institutions, there is a student's parliament. One of his many tasks is to participate in the improvement of the existing “training” clothes. This helps, from an early age, future designers to develop their skills in creating school-let, but still fashion. This practice began about 20 years ago, and since then it has only been gaining momentum. More and more schools are introducing such student communities in their homes.

Well, we saw what was happening with clothes then and how much the shape of British schools has changed today. We hope that you were just as interested in reading the material as we are creating it.

Soon expect the second part, where we will talk about more exotic countries. And also be sure to share the secrets of what will be fashionable to put on the school in our countries in the season 2019-2020.

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